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Staying coherent while spinning

The diplatinum complex studied by the Chergui group. In the background, evidence for coherent oscillations of the complex in solution (credit: M. Chergui/EPFL)

The diplatinum complex studied by the Chergui group. In the background, evidence for coherent oscillations of the complex in solution (credit: M. Chergui/EPFL)

Scientists from EPFL show that photo-excited polyatomic molecules maintain their coherence in motion while undergoing spin changes within ultrashort timescales.

Electron spin is an important property of molecules. It determines processes such as chemical reactivity, lifetime of the electron state etc. Spin is exploited in several applications such as luminescent materials, phototherapy, photochemistry, solar energy conversion, etc. for which bringing the system to a long-lived high spin state is crucial.

When large molecules absorb light their energy dissipates. This happens through several electron states that are characterized by a difference in electron configurations and spins.

In following pathways of energy flow, vibrational coherence plays a crucial role. It is at the birth of femtochemistry, the field that studies chemical reactions on extremely short timescales, approximately 10−15 seconds – or one femtosecond. Indeed, when exciting an assembly of molecules using a short pulse, from tens to few hundreds of femtoseconds), the molecules start oscillating in phase at their characteristic vibrational frequencies. In this way, the response of the assembly of excited molecules is like that of a single molecule. Vibrational coherence is therefore an ideal way of tracking where and how the molecular configuration is at a given instant in time.

Transfer of vibrational coherence between electronic states of molecules has been reported since the early years of Femtochemistry. However, none of these studies has ever involved states of different spins.

The lab of Majed Chergui at EPFL within the Lausanne Centre for Ultrafast Science has now reported for the first time a transfer of vibrational coherence in the case of a diplatinum complex in solution.

The scientists used their advanced femtosecond transient absorption set-up to follow step-by-step the transfer of vibrational coherence during a spin switch between the lowest two electronic states of the molecule.

The clear and unambiguous passage between these two states is even more remarkable considering that the solvent usually destroys coherence. The experimental results are supported by quantum mechanical simulations showing the importance of the solvent in driving and modifying pathways and efficiency of energy flow in polyatomic molecules.

“The solvent is not just a spectator in photobiology and photochemistry but it can strongly affect the outcome of a function or reaction. Understanding its role is crucial for our description of nature and for future applications,” says Majed Chergui.


Swiss National Science Foundation via the NCCR:MUST


Roberto Monni, Gloria Capano, Gerald Auböck, Harry B. Gray, Antonín Vlcek, Ivano Tavernelli, Majed Chergui. Vibrational coherence transfer in the ultrafast intersystem crossing of a di-platinum complex in solution. PNAS 25 June 2018. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1719899115

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